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https://www.discovernikkei.org/en/interviews/clips/1403/

(Japanese) My children’s education

(Japanese) My dreams came to a sudden end when the war finished, and all I was left with was restless anger and pitifulness. I did not want my children to ever have to experience those feelings. So, I told them they should go in whatever direction they liked. To put it in a positive light, you could say I let them live freely, but I also think it was terribly irresponsible of me as their father.

I had had a hard time with English; for my daughters, though, education was in English, so the issue was how to keep them from forgetting Japanese. In order to do that, we, of course, enrolled them in public school and took them to Japanese school afterward.

Like I said before, though, I had to look after my parents who had lost everything and help pay for schooling for my little sister and brother, so my number one priority was earning money. I had a responsibility to save up money and send it to Japan. Well, I wouldn’t say a responsibility, but I felt like I had to do it. So, I had nowhere near enough time to take my children to Japanese school. At one point, I was working three jobs seven days a week. When I consider my children’s point of view, I think I was a very bad father.

Eventually, though, I heard that Maryknoll School taught Japanese, so I enrolled my children there. However, it was a Catholic school, and, as you might expect, tuition was high. That hurt.


generations Japanese Japanese Americans Kibei Nisei

Date: January 31, 2012

Location: California, US

Interviewer: John Esaki, Yoko Nishimura

Contributed by: Watase Media Arts Center, Japanese American National Museum

Interviewee Bio

Edward Toru Horikiri (b. 1929), Kibei Nisei, was born in Little Tokyo, but moved with his family back to Japan when he was 18 months old. He was raised and educated in Japan during World War II, but decided to return to the U.S. in 1952 in order to re-establish the family business that was disrupted by the War. However, lacking sufficient English language skills, he did a variety of jobs including gardener, houseboy, truck driver, and grocery and supermarket employee. He continued to be involved in cultural activities through Japanese language community organizations and friendships with artists such as Taro Yashima. (June 2014)

Henry Suto
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Henry Suto

Being enlisted into the Japanese Army

(1928 - 2008) Drafted into both the Japanese Imperial Army and the U.S. Army.

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Henry Suto
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Henry Suto

Reaction to the Emperor’s surrender

(1928 - 2008) Drafted into both the Japanese Imperial Army and the U.S. Army.

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Toshiko Elena Onchi
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Toshiko Elena Onchi

The challenge for Peruvian children of going to school in Japan (Spanish)

Japanese Peruvian in Japan

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Francesca Yukari Biller
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Francesca Yukari Biller

Fitting in to both sides of her family

Jewish Japanese American journalist

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Jimmy Murakami
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Jimmy Murakami

Teaching English in Japan

(1933 – 2014) Japanese American animator

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A. Wallace Tashima
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A. Wallace Tashima

Asian American Lawyers as Victims of “Overt Racial Discrimination”

(b. 1934) The First Japanese American Appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals. 

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A. Wallace Tashima
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A. Wallace Tashima

“I could never get a job offer from a private law firm”

(b. 1934) The First Japanese American Appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals. 

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Acey Kohrogi
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Acey Kohrogi

Nomo's impact on later Japanese players

Former Director of Asian Operations for Los Angeles Dodgers

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Jean Hamako Schneider
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Jean Hamako Schneider

Attending Kindergarten in Panama (Japanese)

(b. 1925) War bride

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Jean Hamako Schneider
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Jean Hamako Schneider

Respecting the will of a five-year-old daughter (Japanese)

(b. 1925) War bride

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Terumi Hisamatsu Calloway
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Terumi Hisamatsu Calloway

The Kids and Japanese Language (Japanese)

(b. 1937) A war bride from Yokohama

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Willie Ito
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Willie Ito

Parents

(b. 1934) Award-winning Disney animation artist who was incarcerated at Topaz during WWII

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Paulo Issamu Hirano
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Paulo Issamu Hirano

Change of identity (Japanese)

(b. 1979) Sansei Nikkei Brazilian who lives in Oizumi-machi in Gunma prefecture. He runs his own design studio.

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Paulo Issamu Hirano
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Paulo Issamu Hirano

The term Nikkei (Japanese)

(b. 1979) Sansei Nikkei Brazilian who lives in Oizumi-machi in Gunma prefecture. He runs his own design studio.

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Paulo Issamu Hirano
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Paulo Issamu Hirano

On becoming a Japanese national (Japanese)

(b. 1979) Sansei Nikkei Brazilian who lives in Oizumi-machi in Gunma prefecture. He runs his own design studio.

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