東 栄一郎

(あずま・えいいちろう)

アラン・チャールズ・コース・ターム・チェアの称号(ペンシルベニア大学の優れた歴史研究者を称するために与えられる)を得たペンシルベニア大学の史学及びアジア系アメリカ人研究の助教授。著書として、「Between Two Empires: Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America」 (Oxford University Press, 2005年) 、ユウジ・イチオカ氏との共編「Before Internment: Essays in Prewar Japanese American History」 (Stanford University Press, 2006) がある。また、現在デビッド・ヨー氏と共に「The Oxford Handbook of Asian American History. Between 1992 and 2000」を編集している。過去に全米日系人博物館の学芸員兼研究員を務めた経験があり、カリフォルニア大学ロサンゼルス校からアジア系アメリカ人研究の修士及び博士号を取得。

(2013年 7月 更新)

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In This Great Land of Freedom: The Japanese Pioneers of Oregon

Chapter 8 — Renewed Oppression and Final Struggle

Once he was our friend
The owner of the store now
Behaves nervously
Refusing to sell us goods

Shizue Iwatsuki1

With the war coming to an end, Oregon experienced renewed anti-Japanese movements. In Gresham, local farmers and businessmen, inspired by the economic advantage of Japanese exclusion, started a campai…

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In This Great Land of Freedom: The Japanese Pioneers of Oregon

Chapter 7 — Issei Life Behind Barbed Wire

The harsh winds of autumn
Pierce the spirit of those
Who live at the mercy of fate
Created by the war.

Akiyama1

The internees had primitive living conditions. The North Portland Assembly Center had previously been used as the Pacific International Livestock Exposition Building and was barely adapted for human …

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war en

In This Great Land of Freedom: The Japanese Pioneers of Oregon

Chapter 6 — Pearl Harbor: Days of Anguish and Confusion

We have spent two-thirds of our lives in the United States and we feel we are more American than Japanese; we are willing to do anything we may be asked to do to help our foster mother.

A Portland Issei, January 23, 19421

Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor had a profound impact on Issei life. Immediately …

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In This Great Land of Freedom: The Japanese Pioneers of Oregon

Chapter 5 — The Struggle Against Exclusion

A series of exclusions
Now getting used to it
I spend each day farming

Honda Fugetsu1

While building their community and industries, Japanese immigrants struggled against exclusionists’ threats. Combined with the rise of anti-foreign sentiments of World War I, the rapid growth of Issei agriculture stirr…

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In This Great Land of Freedom: The Japanese Pioneers of Oregon

Chapter 4 — Japanese Immigrant Families and Community Development

“Japan is such a small island country…. What is the use of returning to such a place? If we have to fulfill our filial duty to parents and live with wives, why don’t we have them come to America? If the difference in the language and customs bothers us, why don’t we learn to adapt to th…

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