Treatment of Japanese Paraguayans during World War II (Spanish)

Defining "Nikkei" through lineage and community involvement (Spanish) The term Nikkei reflects ties to Japan (Spanish) Japanese language education for Paraguayan Nisei (Spanish) Treatment of Japanese Paraguayans during World War II (Spanish) Inclusiveness of the first Japanese colony in Paraguay (Spanish) Nikkei contributions to Paraguayan agriculture (Spanish) Paraguayan with a Japanese face (Spanish)

Transcripts available in the following languages:

(Spanish) Initially, in 1903, the Paraguayan government passed a law barring black and yellow immigrants from entering. But over the years the law was abolished. In 1919, relations were first established between Paraguay and Japan. But immigrants didn’t start arriving until 1936. Of course, when the war broke out, Paraguay naturally had to take the side of the United States, and so it came out and declared war as well.

But, the important thing is that the Paraguayan government always respected the agreement they signed in 1919, which said that there would always be peaceful and friendly relations between the two countries. They always respected that, all the way up until today. There weren’t humiliations, there wasn’t concentration, concentration camps; there weren’t deportations, you know, none of those things. The only thing of course was that to adhere to the American cause, they closed schools, for example, and some diplomatic authorities returned to Japan. And that’s it, the rest was left alone. With no problems. So that’s why, with that kind of respect, I feel we were lucky, or, you know, the government did respect us.

Date: October 7, 2005
Location: California, US
Interviewer: Ann Kaneko
Contributed by: Watase Media Arts Center, Japanese American National Museum

immigration migration paraguay world war II

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