Discover Nikkei

https://www.discovernikkei.org/en/interviews/clips/1012/

Different feelings from veterans about the draft resisters

Japanese are very stubborn, they’re stubborn. You know, when they had a talk here, the three of us were on a panel here at this hongwanji about, I forget how many years ago, it’s quite awhile back, we gave a talk. After our talk, one veteran did come up and says you know, he’s from Hawaii, he says, “I was a member of the four-forty-two.” He says, “I congratulate you guys. If I were in your shoes, I would have done the same thing.” Those Hawaiian boys are, seem so much more, uh… what do you call it? Understanding that way. It’s some of these Niseis over here, especially those that never saw action, are the most vocal against the resisters.


armed forces draft resisters resisters retired military personnel veterans

Date: May 9, 2006

Location: California, US

Interviewer: Lisa Itagaki

Contributed by: Watase Media Arts Center, Japanese American National Museum

Interviewee Bio

Frank Emi was born on September 23, 1916 in Los Angeles, CA. He ran the family produce business until life was interrupted by war. Emi was sent to Heart Mountain, Wyoming with his young wife and two kids.

Emi, along with many others, openly questioned the constitutionality of the incarceration of Japanese Americans. He helped form the Heart Mountain Fair Play Committee and protested against the government’s actions by organizing a draft resistance. Emi was not even eligible for the draft because he was a father.

The Fair Play Committee argued that they were willing to serve in the military, but not until their rights as U.S. citizens were restored and their families released from the camps. The government convicted Emi and six others leaders of conspiracy to evade the draft. He served 18 months in jail. 86 others from Heart Mountain were put on trial and imprisoned for resisting the draft.

Following the war, Emi and other draft resisters were ostracized by Japanese American leaders and veterans. It was not until the fight for Redress, some forty years later that the Fair Play Committee was vindicated for taking a principled stand against injustice.

He passed away on December 2010 at age 94. (December 2010)

Ariyoshi,George
en
ja
es
pt
Ariyoshi,George

Influence of veterans

(b.1926) Democratic politician and three-term Governor of Hawai'i

en
ja
es
pt
Yamasaki,Frank
en
ja
es
pt
Yamasaki,Frank

Making the decision to resist the draft

(b. 1923) Nisei from Washington. Resisted draft during WWII.

en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene
en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene

Reaction of Japanese American community toward draft resistance stance

(b. 1925) Draft resister

en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene
en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene

The role of the media in influencing people's opinions

(b. 1925) Draft resister

en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene
en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene

Living conditions in prison while serving time for resisting the draft

(b. 1925) Draft resister

en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene
en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene

Talking to children about decision to resist the draft during World War II

(b. 1925) Draft resister

en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene
en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene

Deciding whether to answer "yes-yes" on the loyalty questionnaire in order to leave camp

(b. 1925) Draft resister

en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene
en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene

Reflecting on Japanese Americans' response to incarceration

(b. 1925) Draft resister

en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.
en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.

“Agreement of silence”

(1919 - 2006) World War II and Korean War veteran

en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.
en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.

Horrible pictures of war

(1919 - 2006) World War II and Korean War veteran

en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.
en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.

442nd’s contribution to redress

(1919 - 2006) World War II and Korean War veteran

en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.
en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.

Comfortable in combat

(1919 - 2006) World War II and Korean War veteran

en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.
en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.

“Equal as a human being”

(1919 - 2006) World War II and Korean War veteran

en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.
en
ja
es
pt
Kim,Young O.

Commitments for a better life

(1919 - 2006) World War II and Korean War veteran

en
ja
es
pt
Biller,Francesca Yukari
en
ja
es
pt
Biller,Francesca Yukari

Writing a novel on the 442nd

Jewish Japanese American journalist

en
ja
es
pt

Discover Nikkei Updates

NIKKEI CHRONICLES #13
Nikkei Names 2: Grace, Graça, Graciela, Megumi?
What’s in a name? Share the story of your name with our community. Submissions now open!
NIMA VOICES
Episode 16
June 25 (US) | June 26 (Japan)
Featured Nima:
Stan Kirk
Guest Host:
Yoko Murakawa
PROJECT UPDATES
NEW SITE DESIGN
See exciting new changes to Discover Nikkei. Find out what’s new and what’s coming soon!