Discover Nikkei

https://www.discovernikkei.org/en/interviews/clips/1005/

Fair Play Committee charged with conspiracy

Well after the 63 were sent to jail, then uh (clears throat) the FBI, well actually they indited the seven most active leaders of the Fair Play Committee and uh, charged us with a conspiracy, conspiracy to uh counsel, aid and abet, and uh some other charge there. There was about three charges there. And uh we were indited on that charge, and we had a trial, and in our case, we opted for a uh jury trial. We were remembering the support the newsmen gave the resisters, so uh, we had our trial and as I mentioned before we had one uh lousy liar up there, telling lies about me, to get me hooked up in the conspiracy because I didn’t give the FBI any information. Well anyway, uh, even though it was a trial jury they found us guilty, and four of us were sentenced to four years, and three of us sentenced to two years. Two of them were to go concurrently with their previous three year sentence. And the other one was two years to the Issei who was non-citizen. Who had just given the translation for us. Then we were sent to uh, Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary in Kansas.


draft resisters Heart Mountain Heart Mountain concentration camp Heart Mountain Fair Play Committee resisters United States World War II World War II camps Wyoming

Date: May 9, 2006

Location: California, US

Interviewer: Lisa Itagaki

Contributed by: Watase Media Arts Center, Japanese American National Museum

Interviewee Bio

Frank Emi was born on September 23, 1916 in Los Angeles, CA. He ran the family produce business until life was interrupted by war. Emi was sent to Heart Mountain, Wyoming with his young wife and two kids.

Emi, along with many others, openly questioned the constitutionality of the incarceration of Japanese Americans. He helped form the Heart Mountain Fair Play Committee and protested against the government’s actions by organizing a draft resistance. Emi was not even eligible for the draft because he was a father.

The Fair Play Committee argued that they were willing to serve in the military, but not until their rights as U.S. citizens were restored and their families released from the camps. The government convicted Emi and six others leaders of conspiracy to evade the draft. He served 18 months in jail. 86 others from Heart Mountain were put on trial and imprisoned for resisting the draft.

Following the war, Emi and other draft resisters were ostracized by Japanese American leaders and veterans. It was not until the fight for Redress, some forty years later that the Fair Play Committee was vindicated for taking a principled stand against injustice.

He passed away on December 2010 at age 94. (December 2010)

Uyehara,Grayce Ritsu Kaneda
en
ja
es
pt
Uyehara,Grayce Ritsu Kaneda

Importance of education in achieving redress for incarceration

(1919-2014) Activist for civil rights and redress for World War II incarceration of Japanese Americans.

en
ja
es
pt
Yamauchi,Wakako Nakamura
en
ja
es
pt
Yamauchi,Wakako Nakamura

Her experience as a Japanese-American schoolchild in Oceanside, California, after the bombing of Pearl Harbor

(1924-2018) Artist and playwright.

en
ja
es
pt
Yamasaki,Frank
en
ja
es
pt
Yamasaki,Frank

Loss of happy-go-lucky adolescence in Puyallup Assembly Center

(b. 1923) Nisei from Washington. Resisted draft during WWII.

en
ja
es
pt
Yamasaki,Frank
en
ja
es
pt
Yamasaki,Frank

Memories of dusty conditions at Minidoka incarceration camp

(b. 1923) Nisei from Washington. Resisted draft during WWII.

en
ja
es
pt
Yamasaki,Frank
en
ja
es
pt
Yamasaki,Frank

Making the decision to resist the draft

(b. 1923) Nisei from Washington. Resisted draft during WWII.

en
ja
es
pt
Azumano,George
en
ja
es
pt
Azumano,George

Discharged from the U.S. Army after Pearl Harbor

(b. 1918) Founder Azumano Travel

en
ja
es
pt
Yuzawa,George Katsumi
en
ja
es
pt
Yuzawa,George Katsumi

Reaction to a 1942 speech by Mike Masaoka, Japanese American Citizen League's National Secretary

(1915 - 2011) Nisei florist who resettled in New York City after WW II. Active in Japanese American civil rights movement

en
ja
es
pt
Yuzawa,George Katsumi
en
ja
es
pt
Yuzawa,George Katsumi

Death of sister in October 1942

(1915 - 2011) Nisei florist who resettled in New York City after WW II. Active in Japanese American civil rights movement

en
ja
es
pt
Yuzawa,George Katsumi
en
ja
es
pt
Yuzawa,George Katsumi

First impression of New York City during war time

(1915 - 2011) Nisei florist who resettled in New York City after WW II. Active in Japanese American civil rights movement

en
ja
es
pt
Yuzawa,George Katsumi
en
ja
es
pt
Yuzawa,George Katsumi

Neighbors' sympathy after Pearl Harbor

(1915 - 2011) Nisei florist who resettled in New York City after WW II. Active in Japanese American civil rights movement

en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene
en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene

Reaction of Japanese American community toward draft resistance stance

(b. 1925) Draft resister

en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene
en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene

The role of the media in influencing people's opinions

(b. 1925) Draft resister

en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene
en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene

Living conditions in prison while serving time for resisting the draft

(b. 1925) Draft resister

en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene
en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene

Talking to children about decision to resist the draft during World War II

(b. 1925) Draft resister

en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene
en
ja
es
pt
Akutsu,Gene

Deciding whether to answer "yes-yes" on the loyalty questionnaire in order to leave camp

(b. 1925) Draft resister

en
ja
es
pt

Discover Nikkei Updates

NIKKEI CHRONICLES #13
Nikkei Names 2: Grace, Graça, Graciela, Megumi?
What’s in a name? Share the story of your name with our community. Submissions now open!
NIMA VOICES
Episode 16
June 25 (US) | June 26 (Japan)
Featured Nima:
Stan Kirk
Guest Host:
Yoko Murakawa
PROJECT UPDATES
NEW SITE DESIGN
See exciting new changes to Discover Nikkei. Find out what’s new and what’s coming soon!